Table 1—

Estimated number and adjusted prevalence of diabetes per 1,000 Medicare elderly fee-for-service beneficiaries, selected years 1993–2001*

1993
1995
1997
1999
2001
Percent increase: 1993 to 2001
nPrevalencenPrevalencenPrevalencenPrevalencenPrevalence
Total3,476,3401453,680,2001533,787,7201654,050,0001814,532,52019736.0
Age (years)
    67–69630,440134639,740142613,240152632,080171703,34018638.3
    70–741,056,4201471,114,1001561,121,5201691,156,3201841,269,20020035.8
    75–79 (ref.)841,780154890,420162948,5401751,058,5601941,173,80021136.7
    80–84551,280150§603,520159§632,440171§682,660187798,28020234.9
    ≥85396,420129432,420135471,980147520,380160587,90017334.4
Sex
    Male (ref.)1,398,1801471,482,28015715,552,0401711,673,7801901,907,90020741.0
    Female2,078,1601432,197,9201502,235,6801602,376,2201752,624,62018932.7
Race/ethnicity
    White (ref.)2,944,4601353,096,3401433,145,6001543,357,9201693,749,20018435.8
    Black409,480222432,260236429,080256452,160278505,34029632.9
    Hispanic42,06024152,920255113,540276131,560317143,72033438.5
    Asian9,98014415,10017338,10019449,94022062,22024368.0
  • All rates are adjusted using the 2000 population. The age categories in the standard population are 67–69, 70–74, 75–79, 80–84, and ≥85 years old. The race/ethnicity categories are white, black, Hispanic, Asian, and other/unknown. Total rates are adjusted for age, sex, and race/ethnicity; rates by age for sex and race/ethnicity; rates by sex for age and race/ethnicity; and rates by race/ethnicity for age and sex.

  • *

    * n indicates the number of individuals with diabetes alive on 31 December 199X or 2001;

  • P < 0.001 between adjusted rate in 1993 and adjusted rate in 2001;

  • P < 0.0001 and

  • §

    § P < 0.01 between adjusted rate for reference demographic subgroup in 199X or 2001 and the demographic subgroup in that line.