Table 3—

Number of deaths and adjusted 1-year all-cause mortality rates per 1,000 elderly Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries with diabetes and those without diabetes, selected years 1994–2001*

1994
1995
1997
1999
2001
Ratio: 2001 to 1994
nMortality ratenMortality ratenMortality ratenMortality ratenMortality rate
Individuals with diabetes
    Total300,54092.1313,90093.1326,40092.3347,98092.3359,48087.20.95
    Age (years)
        67–69 (ref.)27,40042.928,44043.827,54043.526,36042.325,18038.40.90
        70–7460,62056.7§64,78058.1§61,38054.8§62,68054.5§60,50050.1§0.88
        75–7970,48083.1§70,60081.9§75,02081.3§78,50079.0§83,68075.1§0.90
        80–8465,380119.2§68,000118.2§73,640120.4§77,240117.7§81,440112.5§0.94
        ≥8576,660198.1§82,080205.4§88,820204.4§103,200212.5§108,680202.2§1.02
    Sex
        Male (ref.)130,560106.8139,800110.5144,600108.7149,680105.2155,18097.80.92
        Female169,98083.5§174,10083.0§181,80082.7§198,30084.9§204,30081.1§0.97
    Race
        White (ref.)258,60092.9268,40093.5276,32092.7293,74092.7304,48087.70.94
        Black32,64091.335,46095.736,56095.137,84096.539,20091.71.00
        Hispanic2,26069.12,96077.06,22074.1§8,26079.68,90072.5§1.05
        Asian60071.286077.62,14072.82,28062.8§2,84056.3§0.79
Individuals without diabetes
    Total1,062,94054.71,079,10055.21,054,02054.81,013,10055.0989,16054.00.99
    Age (years)
        67–69 (ref.)83,22019.882,00019.971,38019.160,80018.853,08017.40.88
        70–74170,64027.0§170,66027.0§155,66026.6§139,04026.0§127,94025.2§0.93
        75–79203,94043.4§200,56043.1§196,68042.6§181,34041.3§182,04041.6§0.96
        80–84221,66071.2§229,86072.6§223,46071.4§215,34071.3§208,50069.1§0.97
        ≥85383,480146.2§396,020148.0§406,840148.6§416,580153.8§417,600151.6§1.04
    Sex
        Male (ref.)487,40070.4482,08069.5458,22068.0431,96067.6421,48066.00.94
        Female575,54045.3§597,02046.6§595,80046.9§581,14047.5§567,68046.7§1.03
    Race/ethnicity
        White (ref.)958,86054.6971,46055.0946,96054.6913,56055.1892,46053.90.99
        Black79,66061.0§82,64062.8§78,66063.2§70,28060.9§69,32061.1§1.00
        Hispanic4,10039.2§4,94043.610,24043.6§9,54040.2§10,92043.3§1.10
        Asian2,26047.52,68047.24,70038.4§5,18038.2§6,14037.1§0.78
  • All rates are adjusted using the 2000 population. The age categories in the standard population are 67–69, 70–74, 75–79, 80–84, and ≥85 years old. The race/ethnicity categories are white, black, Hispanic, Asian, and other/unknown. Total rates are adjusted for age, sex, and race/ethnicity; rates by age for sex and race/ethnicity; rates by sex for age and race/ethnicity; and rates by race/ethnicity by age and sex.

  • *

    * n indicates the number of deaths among individuals with diabetes in 31 December 199X or 2001;

  • P < 0.001 and

  • P < 0.01 between adjusted rate in 1994 and adjusted rate in 2001;

  • §

    § P < 0.0001,

  • P < 0.001, and

  • P < 0.01 between adjusted rate for reference demographic subgroup in 199X or 2001 and the demographic subgroup in that line.