Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of the study subjects and Spearman’s rank correlation

VariablesNonobese (n = 98)
Obese (n = 60)
P values
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
n39593030
Age (years)61.7 ± 1.4160.9 ± 1.0458.0 ± 2.3857.7 ± 2.35NSNS
BMI (kg/m2)22.4 ± 0.2721.3 ± 0.2926.6 ± 0.2627.4 ± 0.35<0.0001<0.0001
PWV (cm/s)1667 ± 401700 ± 341628 ± 371634 ± 42NSNS
Leptin (ng/ml)3.70 ± 0.255.83 ± 0.338.90 ± 0.3511.9 ± 0.59<0.0001<0.0001
Adiponectin (mg/ml)4.84 ± 0.258.25 ± 0.283.44 ± 0.165.09 ± 0.300.0003<0.0001
Leptin/adiponectin0.85 ± 0.080.79 ± 0.062.81 ± 0.172.59 ± 0.20<0.0001<0.0001
Spearman’s rank correlation (P values)
    Leptin vs. PWV−0.060 (NS)0.053 (NS)0.281 (NS)0.315 (NS)
    Adiponectin vs. PWV0.079 (NS)0.090 (NS)−0.309 (NS)−0.122 (NS)
    Leptin/adiponectin vs. PWV−0.061 (NS)0.013 (NS)0.378 (P = 0.0420)0.390 (P = 0.0356)
  • Data are means ± SE. NS, not significant. Two-tailed Student’s t test was used.