Table 1—

Physical characteristics and biochemical and ultrasonographic parameters

Entire group
Boys
Girls
ObeseControl subjectsPObeseControl subjectsPObeseControl subjectsP
n1004761263921
Age (years)10.0 ± 2.710.0 ± 2.50.8210.3 ± 2.811.1 ± 1.90.139.6 ± 2.48.8 ± 2.60.22
Weight (kg)58.6 ± 21.434.8 ± 10.062.4 ± 24.738.5 ± 9.352.7 ± 13.230.2 ± 9.1
Height (cm)143.2 ± 14.9138.7 ± 16.20.097145.5 ± 16.2146.1 ± 11.80.86139.6 ± 11.9129.4 ± 16.40.02
BMI (k/mg2)27.8 ± 5.317.8 ± 2.628.5 ± 5.917.9 ± 2.826.6 ± 3.917.6 ± 2.3
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)120.6 ± 15.898.8 ± 13.80.001122.4 ± 16.9103.4 ± 10.60.001117.9 ± 13.693.0 ± 15.40.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)76.4 ± 8.065.4 ± 8.30.00177.1 ± 8.869.4 ± 6.20.00175.4 ± 6.660.5 ± 8.00.001
Fasting cholesterol (mmol/l)4.25 ± 0.743.96 ± 0.520.0084.14 ± 0.783.99 ± 0.610.384.42 ± 0.653.93 ± 0.390.001
Fasting triglycerides (mmol/l)0.91 ± 0.410.67 ± 0.220.0010.93 ± 0.460.73 ± 0.240.0080.87 ± 0.300.61 ± 0.180.001
Plasma fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.55 ± 0.514.37 ± 0.450.0364.62 ± 0.464.37 ± 0.520.0304.45 ± 0.564.36 ± 0.380.50
Insulin (μU/ml)16.1 ± 11.47.1 ± 2.10.00116.4 ± 13.37.5 ± 2.30.00115.6 ± 7.66.7 ± 1.80.001
HOMA3.2 ± 2.11.4 ± 0.50.0013.3 ± 2.31.5 ± 0.50.0033.1 ± 1.61.3 ± 0.40.001
C-reactive protein1.45 ± 0.781.26 ± 0.080.0011.49 ± 0.451.26 ± 0.090.0011.39 ± 0.061.26 ± 0.060.004
IMT (mm)0.55 ± 0.080.49 ± 0.090.0010.56 ± 0.080.48 ± 0.100.0010.53 ± 0.090.49 ± 0.070.045
Stiffness3.48 ± 1.262.38 ± 0.610.0013.65 ± 1.32.43 ± 0.640.0013.19 ± 1.172.32 ± 0.590.004
  • Data are means ± SD.