Table 2—

Results of tests of memory during euglycemia and hyperglycemia in 20 adults with type 2 diabetes

SubtestEuglycemiaHyperglycemiaPFEta2AgeSexGIRHbA1cTAEAHT
Immediate memory
    Immediate Logical Memory27.2 ± 4.326.1 ± 4.10.162.130.110.930.160.670.410.520.470.88
    Immediate AVLT35.0 ± 5.732.4 ± 4.90.093.330.160.780.120.430.560.460.460.38
    Benton Visual Retention Test6.2 ± 1.25.9 ± 0.90.301.160.060.820.880.310.320.210.630.18
    Visual Reproduction76.9 ± 7.677.9 ± 7.50.510.440.020.640.950.790.390.300.120.66
Working memory
    Digit Span Forwards9.6 ± 1.39.2 ± 1.60.330.990.050.530.180.530.410.480.540.61
    Digit Span Backwards8.6 ± 1.57.9 ± 1.30.015.010.300.130.090.490.360.610.550.89
    Letter/Number Sequencing10.4 ± 1.99.4 ± 1.60.026.940.250.240.100.600.380.170.310.87
Delayed memory
    Delayed Logical Memory13.2 ± 2.112.3 ± 2.20.093.160.150.540.180.780.510.850.680.72
    Delayed AVLT8.2 ± 2.27.8 ± 1.90.266.230.070.250.460.940.260.620.400.06
    Delayed Visual Reproduction14.1 ± 9.210.8 ± 8.20.083.580.170.410.310.360.760.590.310.70
  • Data are means ± SD. The effects of age, sex, glucose infusion rate (GIR), HbA1c, and mood as covariates are also shown (all P values). AVLT, Auditory Verbal Learning Test; EA, energetic arousal; HT, hedonic tone; TA, tense arousal.