Table 3—

Results of tests of attention during euglycemia and hyperglycemia in 20 adults with type 2 diabetes

SubtestEuglycemiaHyperglycemiaPFEta2AgeSexGIRHbA1cTAEAHT
Visual selective attention
    Map Search (1 min)35.0 ± 6.732.2 ± 5.10.043.360.220.170.210.390.440.310.260.41
    Map Search (2 min)64.8 ± 7.462.5 ± 8.70.311.070.060.600.570.570.410.270.440.72
    Telephone Search (raw score)3.6 ± 0.73.7 ± 0.60.340.950.050.110.190.300.620.440.510.96
    Telephone Search (total time)58.7 ± 8.367.0 ± 13.10.042.910.270.430.240.560.710.610.160.76
Auditory selective attention
    Elevator Counting (with distraction)8.8 ± 1.18.3 ± 1.30.122.710.130.560.500.830.470.320.280.06
    Elevator Counting (with reversal)5.3 ± 1.74.4 ± 1.40.017.440.290.120.080.490.500.380.240.17
Attention switching
    Visual Elevator (raw score)8.9 ± 1.18.5 ± 0.90.172.010.100.690.850.080.900.190.870.59
    Visual Elevator (switch time)4.3 ± 1.04.7 ± 0.90.00117.440.490.150.430.600.260.090.630.20
Divided attention
    Telephone Search (with counting total time)62.3 ± 9.567.2 ± 17.10.102.710.120.560.250.780.530.420.210.60
    Telephone Search (with counting time per target)1.0 ± 0.61.2 ± 0.60.054.450.200.310.370.590.620.460.540.68
Sustained attention
    Elevator Counting6.6 ± 0.686.7 ± 0.670.790.070.010.10.180.680.380.300.310.27
    Lottery9.6 ± 0.79.7 ± 0.60.630.240.010.480.180.930.670.270.820.26
  • Data are means ±SD. The effects of age, sex, glucose infusion rate (GIR), HbA1c, and mood as covariates are also shown (all P values). EA, energetic arousal; HT, hedonic tone; TA, tense arousal.