Table 1—

Selected characteristics* according to categories of total physical activity time and television time in 8,299 adults aged 25 years or older in the AusDiab study

Total physical activity (h/week)
Television viewing (h/week)
00.01–2.49≥2.50–77.01–14>14
n1,3232,5454,4312,9172,7052,677
Men5419682,1921,1061,2571,338
Age (years)46.0 (44.0–47.9)44.6 (43.3–45.9)43.5 (42.2–44.9)42.7 (41.5–43.9)44.3 (42.9–45.7)46.1 (44.1–48.1)
Parental history of diabetes19.5 (245)19.4 (482)16.8 (776)17.3 (525)17.4 (480)19.6 (498)
Current smoker21.6 (285)16.1 (423)17.0 (687)14.1 (407)16.7 (404)22.1 (584)
University/further education35.2 (412)47.1 (1,031)46.8 (1,955)50.8 (1,412)48.1 (1,147)35.3 (839)
BMI (kg/m2)27.0 (26.4–27.6)26.1 (25.7–26.5)26.0 (25.6–26.3)25.4 (25.2–25.7)26.0 (25.6–26.5)27.2 (26.8–27.5)
Waist (cm)90.5 (88.7–92.3)87.9 (86.5–89.3)88.1 (86.9–89.3)85.3 (84.5–86.1)88.6 (87.1–90.1)91.9 (90.9–93.0)
Overweight (waist)58.0 (866)51.2 (1,460)48.5 (2,323)44.1 (1,439)50.1 (1,507)59.6 (1,703)
Abnormal glucose metabolism21.7 (308)18.1 (525)13.8 (722)13.5 (445)15.8 (496)20.4 (614)
IFG5.8 (75)4.9 (133)4.6 (228)4.4 (137)5.5 (157)4.9 (142)
IGT11.2 (173)9.9 (307)7.4 (387)7.5 (251)8.5 (269)10.5 (347)
New diabetes4.5 (60)3.6 (85)1.8 (107)1.5 (57)1.7 (70)4.9 (125)
Dietary intake
Total fat (energy percentage)35.3 (34.7–35.9)34.8 (34.3–35.3)33.5 (33.1–34.0)33.6 (33.2–33.9)34.3 (33.8–34.8)34.9 (34.5–35.3)
Total fat ≥30% energy intake83.3 (1,048)82.5 (1,936)74.6 (3,108)73.7 (2,049)79.4 (2,014)83.0 (2,029)
Saturated fat (energy percentage)14.3 (14.0–14.6)14.2 (13.9–14.5)13.5 (13.3–13.8)13.5 (13.4–13.7)13.9 (13.6–14.1)14.3 (14.1–14.5)
Saturated fat intake ≥10% energy intake92.0 (1,117)89.7 (2,117)84.8 (3,511)84.4 (2,309)87.9 (2,216)90.6 (2,220)
Total carbohydrate (energy percentage)43.3 (42.5–44.0)43.2 (42.4–44.0)43.9 (43.6–44.2)44.2 (43.8–44.6)43.5 (43.1–44.0)43.0 (42.7–43.3)
Sugars (energy percentage)18.4 (17.6–19.2)18.5 (18.1–18.8)18.7 (18.4–19.0)19.0 (18.6–19.4)18.5 (18.2–18.8)18.2 (17.9–18.5)
Fiber (g)21.5 (20.7–22.2)22.2 (21.5–22.9)24.7 (24.2–25.2)23.1 (22.2–24.0)23.9 (23.2–24.7)23.3 (22.5–24.1)
Alcohol (g)11.5 (9.4–13.5)12.2 (10.3–14.1)15.4 (13.9–17.0)12.8 (11.1–14.6)14.5 (12.4–16.6)14.3 (12.8–15.9)
Total energy intake (kcal/day)2,140 (2,050–2,229)2,128 (2,047–2,209)2,245 (2,200–2,291)2,095 (2,040–2,151)2,231 (2,160–2,303)2,261 (2,200–2,337)
Total physical activity time (h/week)01.14 (1.08–1.19)8.4 (8.1–8.7)4.9 (4.4–5.4)4.8 (4.4–5.1)4.7 (4.4–5.1)
Mean TV viewing time (h/week)13.3 (12.0–14.5)11.6 (10.8–12.3)12.0 (11.3–12.6)3.8 (3.7–4.0)11.2 (11.1–11.3)22.9 (22.2–23.5)
  • Data are means (95% CI) or % (n).

  • *

    * Data (unadjusted means and percentages) are weighted to the Australian population.

  • P < 0.05 for trend, adjusted for age and sex.