Table 1—

Comparison of characteristics by sex in 934 nondiabetic and 305 diabetic subjects at baseline

Nondiabetic
Diabetic
MenWomenPMenWomenP
n449485132173
Age (years)49 ± 1247 ± 110.00751 ± 1052 ± 11<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)24.6 ± 3.624.6 ± 4.0NS25.1 ± 3.026.1 ± 4.70.011
WHR0.91 ± 0.070.89 ± 0.090.0040.92 ± 0.10.90 ± 0.10.044
SBP (mmHg)127 ± 23127 ± 23NS131 ± 21143 ± 29<0.001
DBP (mmHg)80 ± 1378 ± 120.00784 ± 2084 ± 12NS
UAER (μg/min)*5.4 (4.8–6.0)4.6 (4.1–5.2)NS7.8 (6.4–9.5)7.9 (6.4–9.8)NS
Cholesterol (mmol/l)5.0 ± 2.24.9 ± 1.6NS5.0 ± 1.75.5 ± 1.80.007
Triglycerides (mmol/l)*1.4 (1.3–1.5)1.4 (1.3–1.4)NS1.8 (1.6–2.0)1.8 (1.6–1.9)NS
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)*44 (42–46)48 (45–50)0.0253 (48–58)63 (58–69)0.007
2-h insulin (pmol/l)*154 (144–164)200 (189–213)<0.001195 (171–223)234 (210–261)0.035
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.7 ± 0.65.5 ± 0.8<0.0018.2 ± 2.18.6 ± 2.6NS
2-h PG (mmol/l)6.5 ± 2.07.1 ± 2.3<0.00110.6 ± 4.512.0 ± 4.90.009
Smoking (%)538<0.0015214<0.001
Family history of diabetes (%)1319NS1813NS
IGR (%)5249NS
Hypertension (%)3942NS5660NS
Obesity (%)5561NS68780.02
Serum triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/l (%)4341NS5657NS
Microalbuminuria (%)1310NS2521NS
  • Data are means ±SD or percentage. Impaired glucose regulation, FPG 6.1–6.9 mmol/l and/or 2-h PG 7.8–11.0 mmol/l; hypertension, SBP ≥140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥90 mmHg; obesity, WHR >0.90 and/or BMI >30 kg/m2 (for men) or WHR >0.85 and/or BMI >30 kg/m2 (for women); microalbuminuria, UAER ≥20 μg/min.

  • *

    * Geometric mean (95% CI);

  • P < 0.01, diabetic versus nondiabetic men or diabetic versus nondiabetic women.