Table 1—

Prevalence of one or more risk factors of the metabolic syndrome among 991 U.S. adolescents aged 12–19 years: NHANES 1999–2000

Number of risk factors
≥1≥2≥3≥4
≥110-mg/dl FPG cut point
    Total43.2 (38.5–47.9)16.6 (12.9–20.2)6.4 (3.8–8.9)0.7 (0.0–1.5)
    Sex
        Male46.1 (38.7–53.7)20.0 (14.3–25.7)9.1 (4.8–13.4)1.3 (0.0–2.9)
        Female40.4 (32.9–48.0)13.2 (7.6–18.7)3.7 (0.2–7.1)0.2 (0.0–0.3)
    Race/ethnicity
        Non-Hispanic white44.0 (37.8–50.1)16.8 (11.9–21.7)7.2 (3.5–10.9)0.9 (0.0–2.0)
        Non-Hispanic black39.1 (31.2–47.1)15.5 (9.5–21.4)5.1 (0.9–9.4)0.6 (0.0–1.9)
        Mexican American49.1 (42.3–55.9)20.0 (14.6–25.4)8.5 (5.6–11.4)0.8 (0.0–1.7)
    BMI status (percentile)
        Normal (<85th)32.5 (27.4–37.6)6.5 (3.2–9.7)0.0 (0.0–0.0)0.0 (0.0–0.0)
        At risk (85th to <95th)49.6 (35.5–63.7)22.5 (8.8–36.2)7.1 (0.0–18.1)0.0 (0.0–0.0)
        Overweight (≥95th)82.2 (73.2–91.2)52.8 (41.0–64.6)32.1 (22.1–42.1)4.4 (0.0–9.5)
≥100-mg/dl FPG cut point
    Total45.9 (41.4–50.4)18.9 (14.7–23.2)6.7 (4.1–9.2)1.8 (0.5–3.1)
    Sex
        Male49.4 (41.7–57.1)23.1 (16.9–29.3)9.6 (5.3–13.9)3.2 (0.6–5.9)
        Female42.5 (35.1–50.0)14.9 (9.2–20.5)3.8 (0.3–7.2)0.3 (0.0–0.7)
    Race/ethnicity
        Non-Hispanic white46.9 (40.9–52.8)19.6 (13.4–25.7)7.2 (3.5–10.9)1.6 (0.0–3.5)
        Non-Hispanic black40.2 (32.4–48.0)15.5 (9.5–21.4)5.9 (1.2–9.7)2.1 (0.0–4.3)
        Mexican American55.3 (49.1–61.5)23.6 (19.2–28.0)10.4 (6.8–14.0)2.5 (0.0–4.3)
    BMI status (percentile)
        Normal (<85th)35.2 (30.3–40.2)8.7 (3.7–13.7)0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.0 (0.0–0.0)
        At risk (85th to <95th)51.0 (37.1–64.8)23.5 (9.6–37.5)7.9 (0.0–18.9)0.2 (0.0–0.5)
        Overweight (≥95th)86.1 (77.5–94.7)57.3 (45.5–68.9)32.8 (22.7–42.9)10.7 (2.9–18.5)
  • Data are percent (95% CI). FPG, fasting plasma glucose.