Table 1—

Patient characteristics and clinical outcomes

Standard therapyEnhanced therapy
Patient population4441
Age (years)54.8 ± 9.655.0 ± 9.3
Sex (% men)52.348.8
Duration of diabetes (years)12.7 ± 10.014.8 ± 11.5
Risk category 226 (59)24 (59)
Risk category 318 (41)17 (41)
History of amputation1 (fifth toe amputation)1 (second toe amputation)
Risk category mean2.41 ± 0.502.41 ± 0.50
VPT (left foot)33.8 ± 10.435.9 ± 9.1
VPT (right foot)35.9 ± 11.336.5 ± 8.6
Elective/voluntary dropouts from the study43
Outcomes
    Foot ulceration7*1
    Charcot fracture20
    Total9*1
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).

  • *

    * P < 0.05.