Table 3—

Association of nutrients and type 2 diabetes*

NutrientMultivariate adjusted
Further adjusted for BMI and WHR
OR (95% CI)POR (95% CI)P
Carbohydrate (200 g/day)0.58 (0.36–0.95)0.030.84 (0.51–1.39)0.50
Sugars (100 g/day)0.61 (0.47–0.79)<0.0010.72 (0.56–0.93)0.01
Starch (100 g/day)1.47 (1.06–2.05)0.021.52 (1.09–2.11)0.01
Fiber (20 g/day)0.93 (0.73–1.18)0.531.02 (0.81–1.30)0.85
Magnesium (500 mg/day)0.62 (0.43–0.90)0.010.73 (0.51–1.04)0.07
Cereal fiber (10 g/day)0.97 (0.79–1.20)0.791.08 (0.88–1.32)0.46
Fruit fiber (10 g/day)0.93 (0.77–1.11)0.400.97 (0.81–1.16)0.71
Vegetable fiber (5 g/day)1.01 (0.87–1.18)0.891.00 (0.86–1.17)0.96
Potato fiber (g/day)1.04 (0.92–1.17)0.571.03 (0.91–1.16)0.65
Legume fiber (g/day)1.01 (0.97–1.06)0.621.01 (0.96–1.06)0.67
GI (10 units)1.32 (1.05–1.67)0.021.23 (0.98–1.54)0.08
GL (100 units/day)0.85 (0.56–1.29)0.451.04 (0.68–1.58)0.85
  • *

    * Variables are scaled so that the ORs correspond approximately to the difference between the 87.5th and 12.5th percentiles, i.e., the approximate medians within the highest and lowest quarters;

  • adjusted for age, sex, country of birth, physical activity, family history of diabetes, alcohol intake, education level, weight change in the last 5 years, and energy intake.