Table 1—

Change in weight, body fat, HbA1c, lipids, and TAOS over time

VariableControl
Modified fat
Walnut
P
0 months3 months6 months0 months3 months6 months0 months3 months6 monthsTimeGroupTime × group
n (women/men)8/1310/106/11
Age (years)60.48 ± 8.1659.30 ± 7.1157.71 ± 8.97
Weight (kg)*81.87 ± 11.1982.07 ± 11.4682.27 ± 1.6784.55 ± 4.3184.70 ± 14.0084.36 ± 14.0787.61 ± 12.8387.05 ± 13.0686.33 ± 13.070.5700.4930.248
BMI (kg/m2)29.22 ± 2.6029.34 ± 2.7229.42 ± 2.8030.16 ± 4.5130.12 ± 4.3330.05 ± 4.2330.72 ± 3.8530.51 ± 4.3330.26 ± 3.840.2640.5990.229
Percent body fat*31.23 ± 8.0532.11 ± 8.4132.39 ± 8.2135.13 ± 10.1635.54 ± 0.0935.51 ± 9.9534.48 ± 9.1233.72 ± 8.5634.00 ± 8.970.3740.3790.057
HbA1c (%)6.56 ± 0.806.40 ± 0.856.75 ± 0.886.82 ± 0.886.77 ± 0.866.97 ± 0.956.94 ± 1.226.58 ± 0.926.89 ± 0.820.0000.4890.380
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.79 ± 0.824.71 ± 1.064.90 ± 1.084.58 ± 0.884.58 ± 0.814.83 ± 0.994.11 ± 0.813.94 ± 0.704.02 ± 0.770.0370.0210.434
LDL (mmol/l)2.70 ± 1.562.68 ± 1.762.69 ± 1.492.58 ± 1.302.59 ± 1.292.73 ± 1.202.17 ± 1.312.01 ± 1.061.95 ± 0.750.6340.0320.316
HDL (mmol/l)1.11 ± 0.221.19 ± 0.241.25 ± 0.271.11 ± 0.241.24 ± 0.201.34 ± 0.211.10 ± 0.241.16 ± 0.241.30 ± 0.620.0000.7660.046
HDL cholesterol–to–total cholesterol ratio0.24 ± 0.060.26 ± 0.080.26 ± 0.060.25 ± 0.070.27 ± 0.060.29 ± 0.070.27 ± 0.080.30 ± 0.080.33 ± 0.100.0000.1090.049
Triglycerides (mmol/l)2.18 ± 0.821.85 ± 0.802.13 ± 0.711.76 ± 0.821.65 ± 0.801.55 ± 0.731.90 ± 0.741.72 ± 0.601.70 ± 0.680.0060.2080.174
Total antioxidant status (mmol/l)1.08 ± 0.251.21 ± 0.241.14 ± 0.181.08 ± 0.141.18 ± 0.1721.13 ± 0.181.14 ± 0.171.23 ± 0.231.21 ± 0.140.0000.3410.975
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * Baseline and repeated measures analysis adjusted for sex;

  • significantly different at baseline.