Table 1—

Mean daily intake of energy, selected nutrients, and groups of food and mean SD scores of growth measurements taken during the last 4-year period preceding diabetes diagnosis or interview in 7- to 14-year-old Swedish children

Mean ± SD
P
Case subjectsReferents
Energy and nutrients
    n (male/female)99 (50/49)180 (86/94)
    Energy (kcal)2,751 ± 8762,449 ± 7060.002
    Protein (g)99 ± 3488 ± 280.01
    Fat (g)101 ± 4090 ± 330.01
    Carbohydrate (g)358 ± 116320 ± 950.01
    Monosaccharide (g)43 ± 1841 ± 170.40
    Disaccharide (g)135 ± 55116 ± 430.004
    Sucrose (g)80 ± 4067 ± 280.01
Groups of food
    Milk (g)953 ± 502838 ± 6360.12
    Bread (g)149 ± 92121 ± 850.01
    Soft drinks (g)307 ± 239312 ± 2370.84
    Candy (g)36 ± 4025 ± 220.01
    Nitrosamine rich (g)27 ± 1924 ± 160.12
Body size
    n (male/female)75 (38/37)144 (69/75)
    Weight-for-age0.54 ± 0.980.25 ± 0.990.04
    Height-for-age0.72 ± 0.900.50 ± 0.990.12
    Weight-for-height*0.22 ± 0.84−0.10 ± 0.870.03
  • *

    * Case subjects n = 53, referents n = 122.