Table 2—

Association between high intake (>75th percentile) of selected nutrients and groups of food and the risk of type 1 diabetes in 7- to 14-year-old Swedish children: results of univariate (crude ORs) and bivariate analyses (ORs adjusted for high intake of energy) in 98 matched sets of case subjects and referents

Nutrient or type of foodCrude
Adjusted for energy intake
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Energy1.95 (1.04–3.65)
Protein2.47 (1.30–4.72)2.28 (0.95–5.51)
Fat1.51 (0.84–2.70)1.10 (0.54–2.23)
Carbohydrate2.90 (1.50–5.58)3.06 (1.24–7.56)
Monosaccharide1.56 (0.87–2.79)1.37 (0.75–2.52)
Disaccharide2.52 (1.40–4.55)2.36 (1.14–4.93)
Sucrose2.44 (1.35–4.42)2.16 (1.15–4.05)
Milk1.99 (1.09–3.62)1.66 (0.88–3.22)
Bread2.22 (1.19–4.14)1.93 (1.00–3.69)
Soft drinks1.04 (0.60–1.81)0.91 (0.51–1.63)
Candy1.83 (0.99–3.36)1.73 (0.93–3.21)
  • *Case subjects n = 53, referents n = 122.