Table 1—

Main characteristics at enrollment and during pregnancy in the whole cohort (168 pregnancies in 127 women with type 1 diabetes)

ParametersData
Maternal age (years)30.4 ± 4.7
Ethnicity, caucasian157 (94)
Social class, white collar96 (57)
Marital status, married161 (96)
Smoking15 (9)
Nulliparous97 (58)
Previous preterm delivery17 (10)
BMI (kg/m2)23.0 ± 2.9
Duration of diabetes (years)14.8 ± 7.7
Retinopathy67 (42)
Nephropathy18 (11)
Chronic hypertension9 (6)
Preconception care107 (65)
First trimester HbA1c (%)6.9 ± 1.1
HbA1c at delivery (%)6.2 ± 0.8
Progression of retinopathy14 (10)
Progression of nephropathy10 (7)
Preeclampsia22 (13)
Urogenital infection8 (10)
Polyhydramnios35 (21)
  • Data are mean ± SD or n (%).