Table 1—

Selected characteristics at baseline examination among adults aged 25–74 years by diabetes status, NHEFS, 1971–1976 to 1992–1993

Incident diabetes
P
YesNo
n4434,387
Age (years)50.0 ± 0.845.2 ± 0.3<0.001
Men (%)49.7 ± 2.847.4 ± 0.90.438
White (%)83.9 ± 2.391.0 ± 0.70.002
Education (years)11.0 ± 0.211.9 ± 0.1<0.001
Current smoker (%)41.2 ± 3.138.3 ± 0.90.344
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)136.7 ± 1.4128.6 ± 0.5<0.001
Antihypertensive medication (%)18.0 ± 2.711.1 ± 0.60.013
Cholesterol concentration (mg/dl)222.1 ± 2.8220.3 ± 1.00.545
BMI (kg/m2)29.7 ± 0.425.1 ± 0.1<0.001
Alcohol intake (drinks/day)0.7 ± 0.10.7 ± 0.00.692
Recreational exercise (% little or no exercise)45.5 ± 3.337.9 ± 1.30.021
Nonrecreational activity (% quite inactive)9.3 ± 1.89.3 ± 0.50.982
FEV1 (% predicted)91.9 ± 1.095.8 ± 0.5<0.001
FVC (% predicted)93.6 ± 1.097.9 ± 0.5<0.001
FEV1-to-FVC ratio77.7 ± 0.477.3 ± 0.10.347
Respiratory health (%)<0.001
    COPD (moderate or severe)7.5 ± 1.38.0 ± 0.5
    COPD (mild)4.2 ± 0.97.6 ± 0.5
    Symptoms19.0 ± 2.315.8 ± 0.8
    RLD13.6 ± 1.77.4 ± 0.5
    Normal55.7 ± 3.261.1 ± 1.0
  • Data are age-adjusted means ± SE or percent ± SE.