Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of 2,196 men with diabetes grouped by survival status, Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study, 1970–1996

Participants
P
SurvivedDied
n1,921275
Person-years of observation29,0083,153
Age (years)48.5 ± 9.354.4 ± 8.6<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)27.5 ± 4.527.6 ± 4.40.54
Exercise tolerance (METs)10.5 ± 2.18.8 ± 1.9<0.001
Total cholesterol level (mmol/l [mg/dl])5.8 ± 1.1 [225.9 ± 43.4]6.1 ± 1.2 [235.0 ± 47.7]0.001
Fasting glucose (mmol/l [mg/dl])7.5 ± 2.7 [134.3 ± 49.3]8.1 ± 3.4 [146.0 ± 60.7]<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)126.0 ± 15.0132.8 ± 17.3<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)83.5 ± 9.785.7 ± 11.4<0.001
Cigarette smoking (%)
 Never36.126.50.007
 Past44.049.1
 Current19.924.4
Physically active (%)*46.838.90.01
Hypertension (%)30.244.4<0.0001
Family history of premature CVD (%)15.017.10.38
Prevalent CVD (%)15.334.5<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Regular physical activity was defined as participating in walking, jogging, cycling, or participation in a racket sport during the previous 3 months.