Table 2—

Age and examination year adjusted for risk of death according to cardiorespiratory fitness (maximal METs attained during the exercise test), BMI, and other clinical, health status, and lifestyle variables for 2,196 men with diabetes, Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study, 1970–1996

VariableBMI only
Treadmill METs only
BMI and treadmill METs
RR95% CIPRR95% CIPRR95% CIP
Cardiorespiratory fitness (for each 1-MET increase)0.75(0.70–0.81)<0.00010.74(0.68–0.80)<0.0001
BMI (for each 1-kg/m2 increment)1.04(1.02–1.07)0.0030.98(0.95–1.01)0.27
Fasting glucose (for each 10-mg/dl increment)1.04(1.02–1.05)<0.00011.04(1.02–1.05)<0.00011.04(1.02–1.05)<0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (for each 10-mmHg increment)1.12(1.04–1.20)0.0021.10(1.02–1.17)0.021.10(1.02–1.18)0.01
Prevalent CVD1.80(1.38–2.34)<0.00011.34(1.02–1.76)0.041.30(0.98–1.72)0.07
Family history of premature CVD1.45(1.05–1.99)0.0231.39(1.01–1.91)0.041.37(1.00–1.89)0.05
Total cholesterol level (for each 10-mg/dl increment)1.03(1.00–1.06)0.041.02(1.00–1.05)0.101.02(1.00–1.05)0.12
Cigarette smoking0.65
 Past1.23(0.92–1.64)0.161.08(0.81–1.44)0.611.07(0.80–1.43)
 Current1.75(1.24–2.46)0.0011.27(0.89–1.80)0.191.25(0.88–1.77)0.21