Table 1—

Anthropometric and metabolic indicators in normal-weight versus overweight students

IndicatorNormal weight (BMI <25 kg/m2)Overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2)P
n11944
Waist circumference (cm)72.5 ± 0.588.1 ± 0.9<0.001
Hip circumference (cm)98.0 ± 0.5108.9 ± 0.8<0.001
Total body fat (kg)30.7 ± 1.056.3 ± 1.7<0.001
Percent body fat (%)21.9 ± 0.431.8 ± 0.7<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)108.6 ± 0.7112.2 ± 1.2<0.02
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)67.6 ± 0.570.2 ± 0.8<0.01
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.97 ± 0.045.12 ± 0.07<0.06
2-h glucose (mmol/l)5.16 ± 0.125.42 ± 0.21NS
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)39.59 ± 2.7869.45 ± 4.86<0.001
2-h insulin (pmol/l)205.57 ± 10.42257.66 ± 18.75<0.02
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.14 ± 0.084.49 ± 0.13<0.05
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.47 ± 0.031.34 ± 0.05<0.06
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.26 ± 0.072.61 ± 0.11<0.01
VLDL cholesterol (mmol/l)0.41 ± 0.020.53 ± 0.03<0.01
Triacylglycerol (mmol/l)0.91 ± 0.041.15 ± 0.07<0.01
Leptin (ng/ml)12.8 ± 1.129.4 ± 1.9<0.001
  • Data are means ± SE. Adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, and smoking status.