Table 1—

Comparison of baseline characteristics in the intervention and control groups*

VariablesIntervention
Control
Mean ± SE%Mean ± SE%
n186172
Age (years)57.0 ± 0.956.9 ± 1.0
Sex: female (%)72.670.9
Education
 Beyond 12th grade (%)20.819.4
 12th grade (%)16.323.6
 9–11th grade (%)21.917.6
 8th grade or less (%)41.039.4
Ethnicity
 African American (%)16.115.7
 Hispanic (%)39.238.4
 White (%)34.936.0
 Other (%)9.79.9
Smoking (%)14.813.0
Duration of diabetes (years)10.3 ± 0.812.0 ± 0.8
HbA1c (%)9.6 ± 0.19.7 ± 0.1
Weight (kg)87.4 ± 2.284.1 ± 2.0
BMI (kg/m2)33.1 ± 0.831.5 ± 0.8
Blood pressure: systolic (mmHg)136 ± 2134 ± 1
Blood pressure: diastolic (mmHg)81 ± 476 ± 1
Cholesterol (mg/dl)210.0 ± 3.3212.1 ± 3.7
Triglyceride (mg/dl)209.3 ± 11.6220.3 ± 13.6
Lipid: HDL (mg/dl)41.9 ± 1.043.0 ± 1.1
Lipid: LDL (mg/dl)129.8 ± 3.2130.1 ± 3.6
  • *

    * There is no statistically significant difference in the baseline variables between the intervention and control groups.