Table 2—

Neonatal outcome in the two study groups

Standard groupUltrasound groupP
n10099
Gestational age at delivery (weeks)39.3 ± 1.339.0 ± 1.90.2
Induction (%)23.023.20.5
Cesarean delivery (%)19.018.20.5
Birth weight (g)3371.2 ± 5003306.1 ± 5580.4
SGA (%)13.012.10.5
LGA (%)10.012.10.4
Neonatal BMI (kg/m2)13.1 ± 1.212.8 ± 1.50.2
Sum of skinfolds (mm)*13.2 ± 3.214.1 ± 3.40.07
Hypoglycemia (<40 mg/dl) (%)16.017.00.5
Intravenous glucose (%)11.09.10.4
Cord blood insulin (μU/ml)9.1 ± 6.28.8 ± 6.820.8
Transfer to NICU (%)15.014.10.5
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * Sum of skinfolds measured at four sites of the body (subscapular, iliac crest, triceps, thigh), missing in three infants of women who did not complete the study;

  • missing in four infants of women who did not complete the study;

  • neonatal intensive care unit.