Table 1—

Patient characteristics according to setting of care

GPsDOCsP
n7792,658
Male (%)49.755.20.007
Age (years)64 ± 1062 ± 10<0.0001
School education ≤5 years (%)56.051.30.09
BMI (kg/m2)28 ± 428 ± 50.10
Duration of diabetes (years)10 ± 911 ± 90.006
HbA1c (%)7.2 ± 1.67.2 ± 1.50.30
Treatment (%)<0.0001
 Diet alone19.515.5
 Oral agents65.261.5
 Insulin9.613.5
 Insulin + oral agents5.79.5
Hypertension (%)59.149.8<0.0001
Dyslipidemia (%)26.522.60.02
Complications (%)
 Retinopathy14.221.5<0.0001
 End-stage renal disease0.50.80.40
 Neuropathy6.810.10.0003
 Foot complications3.63.00.40
 Myocardial infarction7.88.30.20
 Stroke4.73.10.04
TIBI14 ± 1313 ± 130.40
Physical functioning71 ± 2674 ± 250.09
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated. P values refer to χ2 for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables.