Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of study population with diabetes in Medicare in 1994 by heart failure status

Cohort in 1994No heart failurePrevalent heart failure
n117,93333,805
Age (years)73.8 ± 6.476.3 ± 7.1
Woman59.461.8
White race*84.083.7
Black race*11.812.0
Other/missing race*4.24.3
Dual eligible15.323.7
Hypertension59.868.1
Ischemic heart disease30.467.4
Peripheral vascular disease17.830.1
Stroke/transient ischemic attack15.328.6
Nephropathy4.016.4
End-stage renal disease0.42.2
Retinopathy14.617.3
Neuropathy14.019.6
Metabolic acidosis/coma4.06.1
Hypoglycemia2.34.6
  • Data are % and mean ± SD. Dual eligible persons qualify for Medicaid coverage. All comparisons are significant at P < 0.001 except for

  • *

    * those that are not significant.