Table 3—

Association between selected baseline demographic characteristics and comorbidities with prevalent and incident heart failure among adults with diabetes aged ≥65 years

CharacteristicsPrevalent heart failure in 1994
Incident heart failure during 1995–1999
OR95% CIHR95% CI
n151,738115,803
Women1.101.07–1.130.960.94–0.98
5-year age interval1.281.27–1.291.231.22–1.24
Black (vs. white)0.940.90–0.980.950.92–0.98
Other race (vs. white)0.840.79–0.890.800.76–0.84
Dual eligible1.511.45–1.561.301.26–1.33
South (vs. Northeast)1.061.02–1.10.97*0.94–0.99
Midwest (vs. Northeast)1.141.10–1.191.03*1.01–1.06
West (vs. Northeast)1.151.10–1.200.950.92–0.98
Ischemic heart disease4.144.03–4.261.621.59–1.66
Hypertension1.211.18–1.251.101.07–1.12
Stroke/TIA1.401.35–1.441.241.20–1.27
Peripheral vascular disease1.361.32–1.411.251.22–1.28
Nephropathy3.513.34–3.681.531.46–1.59
End-stage renal disease1.431.25–1.631.991.77–2.24
Metabolic acidosis/coma1.171.1–1.241.111.06–1.16
Hypoglycemia1.371.28–1.481.151.08–1.21
Amputation1.371.22–1.550.990.89–1.10
Retinopathy1.111.07–1.161.251.22–1.29
Neuropathy1.121.08–1.161.161.13–1.19
  • Results presented are from multivariate logistic (prevalence) and proportional hazards (incidence) models including all characteristics listed in the table. TIA, transient ischemic attack. All P values are <0.001, except

  • *

    * P < 0.05 and

  • not significant.