Table 1—

Anthropometric and biochemical variables of the healthy subjects

VariableMenWomenP
n5414
Age (years)46.2 ± 11.138 ± 8.30.01
BMI (kg/m2)27.1 ± 3.729.7 ± 5.30.03
Smokers (n)41NS
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)122.7 ± 11.1110 ± 100.06
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)79.8 ± 7.871.6 ± 12.5NS
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)96 ± 1292.3 ± 8.8NS
HbA1c (%)4.5 ± 0.44.4 ± 0.3NS
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)193 ± 36193 ± 30NS
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)130 ± 28.4127 ± 21NS
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)48.2 ± 1049.4 ± 14NS
Triglycerides (mg/dl)109.3 ± 9383.6 ± 42NS
Insulin sensitivity (min · mU−1 · l−1)2.7 ± 2.42.7 ± 2.3NS
EDVD (%)3.4 ± 4.98.8 ± 4.40.003
EIVD (%)16.1 ± 6.824.5 ± 5.60.001
Adiponectin (μg/ml)8.7 ± 8.411.2 ± 7.80.1
  • Data are means ± SD unless noted otherwise.