Table 1—

Demographic and health status characteristics of overweight and obese persons with diabetes

TotalActual weight change
Trying to lose weight
NoneLossGainNoYes
n (%)1,401638 (45.6%)629 (45.5%)134 (8.9%)427 (31.0%)974 (69.0%)
Sex (% women)57.652.5*60.966.244.663.4
Mean age (years)61.262.1*60.162.464.259.9
Race (% nonwhite)22.722.023.422.021.023.4
Current smoker (%)19.717.722.516.123.218.2
Education (% <high school)33.033.732.532.635.831.8
Mean baseline weight (lb)196.3190.9*203.8185.8185.8201.0
Baseline BMI (kg/m2)31.630.5*33.030.429.632.6
Median weight change (lb)00−15100−5
Self-rated health (% fair or worse)49.747.650.656.651.349.0
Any functional limitations (%)56.354.656.663.458.155.5
Hospitalized past year (%)23.819.7*28.819.725.523.0
Doctor visits past year (mean)9.88.310.910.19.69.6
Duration of disease (mean years)10.511.5*9.411.012.09.9
Insulin use (%)39.742.4*36.144.344.037.8
Oral medications (%)54.051.2*57.948.647.856.8
Retinal disease (%)24.521.827.125.221.525.8
Neuropathy symptoms (%)39.033.7*42.846.838.139.4
Hypertension (%)65.661.8*69.963.256.669.7
Heart disease (%)32.730.4*36.027.232.532.7
Stroke (%)8.88.79.08.49.98.3
  • All figures except n are weighted to be representative of the U.S. diabetic population in 1989.

  • *

    * Significant difference across weight change groups (P < 0.05);

  • significantly different from those trying to lose weight (P < 0.05).