Table 1

Characteristics of adolescents with type 1 diabetes and control subjects

Type 1 diabetic subjectsControl subjectsP
n40657
Age (years)14.2 ± 1.914.0 ± 2.90.6
Diabetes duration (years)6.7 ± 3.7
BMI (kg/m2)22.0 ± 3.620.9 ± 4.10.03
BMI z score0.61 ± 0.80.34 ± 0.960.02
Waist circumference (cm)74.3 ± 9.171.3 ± 9.20.03
Mean SBP (mmHg)117.1 ± 12.0109.6 ± 7.4<0.0001
Mean DBP (mmHg)65.7 ± 7.660.8 ± 6.1<0.0001
HbA1c (%, mmol/mol)8.5 ± 1.4, 69 ± 11.45.2 ± 0.3, 
33 ± 1.9<0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.5 ± 0.94.0 ± 0.7<0.0001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.56 ± 0.351.46 ± 0.340.05
Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.05 ± 0.710.78 ± 0.340.01
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)2.42 ± 0.752.17 ± 0.570.02
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)128.79 ± 24.75
Urinary ACR (mg/mmol)1.03 ± 0.95
Race (% European/Asian/other)91/6/393/7/00.7
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.