Table 2—

Logistic regression models for major and minor depression versus no depression

Independent variables*Major depression
Minor depression
Odds ratio95% CIOdds ratio95% CI
Demographics
 Age (years)0.960.95–0.980.970.95–0.99
 Female sex2.291.47–3.550.990.77–1.28
 High school or less1.341.04–1.721.441.10–1.88
 Unmarried and not living as married1.411.13–1.771.160.90–1.50
 Employed0.780.60–1.020.850.62–1.18
 Racial ethnicity
  African American vs. Caucasian1.210.80–1.801.110.70–1.75
  Asian vs. Caucasian0.850.54–1.341.521.01–2.30
  Other vs. Caucasian1.240.79–1.021.821.13–2.92
Risk factors
 BMI ≥30.0 kg/m21.761.39–2.221.571.21–2.03
 Smoking2.151.56–2.951.611.08–2.38
Clinical factors
 Rx Risk score
  Second vs. first quartile1.350.98–1.870.700.48–1.04
  Third vs. first quartile1.691.19–2.401.170.77–1.77
  Fourth vs. first quartile2.281.58–3.301.090.70–1.70
 Duration of diabetes
  5–9.9 years vs. <5 years0.880.74–1.301.391.01–1.90
  ≥10 years vs. <5 years0.540.82–1.461.300.93–1.80
 Diabetes complications
  1 vs. 01.450.90–2.330.300.06–1.34
  2 vs. 02.041.23–3.410.340.06–2.14
  3 vs. 02.631.50–4.620.030.001–0.67
  4+ vs. 03.081.67–5.690.003.0001–0.09
 Treatment intensity
  Oral hypoglycemic vs. none or diet1.040.78–1.401.000.73–1.37
  Insulin vs. none or diet1.541.08–2.191.220.83–1.79
 HbA1c level groups
  ≥8.0%3.721.30–10.711.390.42–4.68
 Age HbA1c ≥ 8.0%0.980.97–0.99
 Sex complications
  1 vs. 00.630.35–1.13
  2 vs. 00.460.24–0.87
  3 vs. 00.240.11–0.52
  4 vs. 00.380.17–0.84
 Age complications
  1 vs. 01.021.00–1.05
  2 vs. 01.021.00–1.05
  3 vs. 01.061.01–1.10
  4 vs. 01.101.05–1.16
  • *

    * Adjusted for clinic type.

  • P < 0.05.