Table 1—

List of diabetes prevalence studies by country of study giving sample size, age-group, and the countries to which the data were extrapolated

Country of study, year, and reference*Sample sizeAge-group (years)Additional countries that estimates were applied to
Australia, 2000 (21)11,247≥25New Zealand
Bolivia, 1998 (22)2,948≥20Ecuador, Peru
Brazil, 1988/1989 (23)2,05130–69Argentina, Chile, Cuba, Mexico, Uruguay, Venezuela
Cameroon, published 1997 (24)1,76724–74Angola, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Sao Tome, and Principe
China, 1994 (4)224,25125–64North Korea/Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Colombia, 1988/1989 (25)670≥30Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
Fiji, 1980 (26)1,709≥20Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States), Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu
Ghana, 1998 (27)4,733≥25Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
India, 2000 (28)11,216≥20Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal
Iran, 1999/2000 (29)9,229≥20Azerbaijan, Iraq, Yemen
Israel (30)1,50225–64
Japan Funagata, 1990–1992 (31)2,624≥40
Jordan (32)2,836≥25Syria, urban Egypt
Lebanon§2,518≥30
Malta (33)2,149≥15
Mauritius (34)4,92925–74Seychelles
Mongolia (35)2,449≥35
Nauru (36)1,546≥20
Netherlands, 1989–1992 (37)2,48450–74Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K.
Oman, 1991 (38)2,963≥20Qatar
Pakistan: rural Baluchistan (39)570≥25Afghanistan
Pakistan: Sindh, 1994 (40)967≥25
Paraguay, 1991/1992 (41)1,606 urban white Hispanic20–74Suriname
Poland2,52325–74Bosnia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine
Russia1,60225–64
Samoa (42)1,77225–74Cook Islands, Niue, Tonga, Tuvalu
Saudi Arabia (43)25,3372–77Bahrain, Kuwait
Singapore (44)3,56818–69Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand
South Africa (45)729≥30Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland, Zimbabwe
South Korea/Republic of Korea (46)2,520≥30
Spain (47)2,21430–89Andorra, Italy, Monaco, San Marino, Portugal
Sudan (48)1,284≥25Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger
Tanzania, 1996/1997 (5)1,698≥15Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Uganda, Zambia
Trinidad, 1977–1981 (49)2,31535–69Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Tunisia, 1976/1977, 1980/1981 (50)3,826 urban≥20Algeria, Libya, Morocco
1,787 rural
Turkey (51)24,788≥20Albania, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Moldova, Romania
United Arab Emirates, 2000#5,844≥19
U.S., 1988–1994 (52)2,84440–74Canada
Uzbekistan, 1996 (53)1,956≥35Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
Vietnam**1,121≥25Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar
  • *

    * Year indicates year of study, if given, or year of publication.

  • Indicates data that were not used in estimates for 1990.

  • Indicates same diabetes prevalence data used for urban and rural populations.

  • §

    § I. Salti, M. Khogali, S. Alam, N. Nassar, A. Masri, personal communication.

  • E. Shubnikov, personal communication.

  • Z. Szybinski, W. Zukowski, R. Rita, J. Sieradzki, I. Turska-Karbowska, M. Gizler, personal communication.

  • #

    # M. Malik, A. Bakir, B. Abi Saab, G.R., H.K., personal communication.

  • **

    ** P. Khi, personal communication.