Table 1—

Prevalence of IFG and type 2 diabetes according to sex, income, physical activity, family history of diabetes, and hypertension

VariablesnIFGχ2PDiabetesχ2P
Sex
 Men4696.78.0
 Women6505.21.270.1595.62.370.079
 All1,1198.56.6
 95% CI6.87–10.135.15–8.05
Illiterate
 Yes5464.95.6
 No5866.71.510.1367.61.710.119
Income group*
 Low4944.33.1
 Middle5095.523.85<0.0016.022.42<0.001
 High9317.218.8
Physical activity
 ≥60 min2648.63.8
 <60 min7669.60.240.357.64.560.031
  • χ2 test for men versus women, poor versus rich, etc. IFG is FPG 6.1–6.9 mmol/l; diabetes is FPG ≥7.0 mmol/l.

  • *

    * Categorized based on tertiles of annual expenditure; low versus high tertile, with middle tertile excluded

  • equivalent to walking “X” min/24 h.