Table 3—

Association adjusted odds ratios of receiving diabetes care of Medicare FFS patients, Colorado 1997–1998

CharacteristicAnnual HbA1c testBiennial eye examinationBiennial lipid examinationAll three care measures
DE*
 Rural1.01 (0.81–1.28)0.79 (0.64–0.97)0.81 (0.67–0.98)0.85 (0.69–1.01)
 Urban0.67 (0.58–0.78)0.58 (0.50–0.66)0.66 (0.58–0.75)0.60 (0.52–0.69)
Age
 70–75 years1.01 (0.91–1.12)1.11 (0.98–1.26)0.87 (0.80–0.95)0.94 (0.85–1.03)
Sex
 Women1.05 (0.94–1.17)1.16 (1.02–1.32)0.93 (0.86–1.02)0.99 (0.90–1.09)
Race/ethnicity
 African American0.58 (0.45–0.73)0.88 (0.65–1.19)0.68 (0.55–0.85)0.70 (0.54–0.90)
 Latino1.02 (0.88–1.17)0.83 (0.70–0.99)0.85 (0.75–0.96)0.84 (0.73–0.96)
 Other/unknown0.61 (0.46–0.81)0.58 (0.39–0.85)0.76 (0.59–0.98)0.69 (0.51–0.92)
Endocrine consultation
 ≥1 visit(s)3.77 (2.82–5.03)2.64 (2.04–3.40)1.91 (1.63–2.25)2.42 (2.06–2.85)
Emergency department
 >1 visit0.64 (0.56–0.72)0.83 (0.71–0.97)0.83 (0.74–0.92)0.71 (0.63–0.80)
  • Data are odds ratio (95% CI). Referent group:

  • *

    * Non-DE;

  • age 65–69 years;

  • white (non-Latino); odds ratio also adjusted for number of outpatient primary care visits, comorbidity, and time of first diabetes claim.