Table 1—

Clinical characteristics and glucose regulation parameters of children studied

Control subjectsOffspring of diabetic women
P
Type 1 diabetesType 2 diabetes
n151710
Age (years)8.2 ± 0.48.4 ± 0.47.9 ± 0.50.7
Sex (male/female)8/713/46/40.05
Birth weight SD score0.8 ± 0.31.2 ± 0.21.4 ± 0.30.3
BMI SD score−0.2 ± 0.60.7 ± 0.63.2 ± 0.70.004
Percentage body fat26 ± 1.627 ± 1.535 ± 2.00.002
Si (10−4/min μU/ml)11.8 (9.1–18.3)11 (7.8–14)8.4 (5.7–12)0.2
AIR (mU/l)366 (216–459)386 (320–524)411 (285–977)0.3
Sg (10−2/min−1)2.07 ± 0.161.92 ± 0.281.83 ± 0.270.8
Kg (10−2 mg/d min−1)2.9 ± 0.32.8 ± 0.32.8 ± 0.30.8
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.9 ± 0.14.9 ± 0.15.0 ± 0.10.8
Fasting insulin (μU/ml)4.2 (2.7–7.1)4.1 (3.4–8.3)6.6 (4.6–4.4)0.4
  • Data are means ± SE or median (interquartile range).