Table 2—

Prevalence* of the metabolic syndrome by ethnic group and sex

Original NCEP ATP III criteria
MenWomenTotal
Ethnic group
 Chinese10.8 (9.5–12.3)8.3 (7.2–9.6)9.4 (8.5–10.4)
 Malay17.3 (13.5–22.0)20.0 (15.8–24.9)18.7 (15.8–22.0)
 Indian21.7 (16.4–28.3)19.3 (14.0–26.0)20.4 (16.5–25.0)
 All races13.1 (11.8–14.6)11.0 (9.7–12.3)12.1 (10.8–13.5)
Modified Asian criteria
 Chinese18.1 (16.4–19.9)12.5 (11.1–14.0)14.8 (13.7–16.0)
 Malay24.7 (20.2–29.9)23.8 (19.3–28.9)24.2 (21.0–27.8)
 Indian32.4 (26.0–39.5)25.8 (19.7–33.0)28.8 (24.3–33.9)
 All races20.9 (19.3–22.7)15.5 (14.1–17.1)§18.2 (16.7–19.9)
  • Data are % (95% CI).

  • *

    * Prevalence standardized to 1998 Singapore population;

  • P < 0.001 for difference between one ethnic group and Chinese;

  • P = 0.046 for difference between two sexes;

  • §

    § P < 0.001 for difference between two sexes;

  • waist circumference >90 cm in men and >80 cm in women.