Table 1—

Descriptive characteristics of participants

MenWomen
n378490
Age (years)54.0 ± 11.153.3 ± 10.4
Height (cm)175.1 ± 6.4162.2 ± 6.3
Weight (kg)82.2 ± 12.368.8 ± 13.2
Fat mass (kg)20.1 ± 7.025.9 ± 9.1
FFM (kg)62.1 ± 7.542.9 ± 6.0
Vo2max.pred (l O2/min)2.7 ± 0.71.8 ± 0.7
Total energy expenditure (MJ/d)14.3 ± 3.010.3 ± 2.1
Resting energy expenditure (MJ/d)9.6 ± 1.87.3 ± 1.3
Physical activity energy expenditure (MJ/d)4.7 ± 2.63.0 ± 1.8
BMI (kg/m2)26.8 ± 3.626.1 ± 4.8*
Waist-to-hip ratio0.95 ± 0.070.79 ± 0.07
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)129 ± 15122 ± 15
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)79.1 ± 10.676.4 ± 9.4
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.44 ± 0.631.23 ± 0.64
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.33 ± 0.361.64 ± 0.41
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)42.52 (42.46–42.59)37.78 (37.73–37.83)
2-h glucose (mmol/l)5.42 (5.39–5.45)5.39 (5.35–5.40)
  • Data are means ± SD or geometric means (95% CI). One-way ANOVA for differences between sexes:

  • *

    * P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.001;

  • P < 0.0001.