Table 1—

Characteristics of the sample

Sex
 Male146 (61.9)
 Female90 (38.1)
Employment status
 Full-time144 (61.0)
 Part-time34 (14.4)
 Unemployed58 (24.6)
Education
 High school or less186 (78.8)
 College or more50 (21.2)
Living situation
 Living with another218 (92.4)
 Living alone18 (7.6)
Treatment
 Diet and exercise55 (23.3)
 Tablets142 (60.2)
 Insulin39 (16.5)
Age (years)55.2 ± 5.8 (40–64)
Duration of diabetes (years)9.5 ± 5.9 (0.5–34)
HbA1c7.9 ± 1.6 (5.1–14.3)
BMI (kg/m2)23.4 ± 3.4 (14.0–37.6)
  • Data are n (%) or means ± SD (range). n = 236.