Table 1—

Baseline characteristics stratified by study group

InterventionControl
n200172
Age (years)63.0 ± 12.761.9 ± 12.3
Income (>$40,000 per year) (%)29.122.3
Sex (% male)*48.737.6
Married (%)70.266.1
Aboriginal (%)9.545.8
Completed high school (%)35.929.2
Duration of diabetes (years)*7.4 ± 7.89.3 ± 9.2
Visited diabetes education clinic (% yes)67.450.3
Years since last visit (n = 204)3.4 ± 4.44.0 ± 4.6
BMI (kg/m2)33.4 ± 7.532.1 ± 6.0
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)130.2 ± 19.3133.1 ± 18.0
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)72.3 ± 11.480.1 ± 10.2
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)*4.86 ± 0.965.08 ± 1.03
A1c (%)7.17 ± 1.517.62 ± 1.73
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * P = 0.05;

  • P < 0.01.