Table 1

Baseline demographics and clinical characteristics of the study population

CharacteristicSCS group (N = 22)BMT group (N = 14)
Age (years)57.1 ± 12.456.5 ± 8.0
Male sex (n [%])15 (68)9 (64)
Type of DM
 Type 1 diabetes (n [%])3 (14)1 (7)
 Type 2 diabetes (n [%])19 (86)13 (93)
Years of DM (years)12.7 ± 10.112.6 ± 7.2
Years of pain due to DM (years)6.0 ± 5.14.9 ± 3.6
HbA1c (mmol/mol)66.9 ± 22.168.6 ± 29.4
HbA1c (%)8.3 ± 2.08.4 ± 2.7
BMI29.0 ± 4.330.3 ± 5.4
MDNS score§
 MDNS score 033
 MDNS score 143
 MDNS score 295
 MDNS score 363
  • Plus-minus values are means ± SD.

  • †HbA1c is presented in mmol/mol and %.

  • ‡BMI is the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters.

  • §MDNS consists of a standard neurological examination, including vibration sense, light touch, pin-prick, tendon reflexes, and muscle strength, and standard nerve conduction study of two motor nerves (peroneal and median) and three sensory nerves (sural, median, and ulnar) performed on the nondominant site. Classes are defined as 0 = no neuropathy, 1 = mild neuropathy, 2 = moderate neuropathy, and 3 = severe neuropathy.