Table 1—

Characteristics of the participants at baseline

CC-TAUC-TACC-SC
Patient characteristics
n10617082
 Women/men (%)65/3560/4072/28
 Age (years)43.0 ± 1.048 ± 0.848 ± 1.0
 Weight (kg)94 ± 5.387 ± 4.090 ± 5.1
 Education (highest grade)8 ± 0.49 ± 0.210 ± 1.3
 Employed (%)604149
 Mexican American (%)978983*
 Financial status (%)
  Cost share program667069
  Self-pay20167
  Commercial insurance 8 212
  Medicare B/Medicaid 4 75
  Unknown 2 57
Metabolic characteristics
 HbA1c (%)10.4 ± 0.210.5 ± 0.210.0 ± 0.3
 Fasting glucose (mg/dl)249 ± 6.0255 ± 5.0237 ± 8.0
 Fasting lipids (mg/dl)
  Total cholesterol189 ± 5.0§218 ± 3.0211 ± 5.0
  LDL cholesterol113 ± 4.0128 ± 2.0§117 ± 4.4
  HDL cholesterol39 ± 1.041 ± 1.041 ± 1.2
  Triglycerides188 ± 15.0§272 ± 12256 ± 20.0
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)135 ± 2.0142 ± 2.0130 ± 2.2
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)81 ± 1.080 ± 0.981 ± 1.4
Patients with abnormal values [n (%)]
 Total cholesterol >200 mg/dl246 ± 8 [34 (32)]235 ± 3 [119 (70)]245 ± 6 [45 (55)]
 LDL cholesterol >130 mg/dl166 ± 6 [34 (32)]154 ± 3 [70 (41)]161 ± 8 [22 (27)]
 Triglycerides >150 mg/dl275 ± 24 [35 (33)]306 ± 13 [104 (61)]323 ± 25 [40 (48)]
 Systolic blood pressure >130 mmHg146 ± 2 [69 (65)]150 ± 1 [129 (76)]147 ± 2 [40 (49)]
 Diastolic blood pressure >80 mmHg86 ± 1 [50 (58)]88 ± 1 [92 (54)]90 ± 9 [48 (59)]
  • Data are means ± SE, unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * P < 0.0001;

  • P < 0.1, for employment (CC-TA versus UC-TA), Mexican-American ethnicity (CC-TA versus UC-TA and CC-TA versus CC-SC), and financial status (CC-TA versus CC-SC and UC-TA versus CC-SC);

  • cost share program is a financial assistance program based on need and eligibility (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services);

  • §

    § P < 0.01, for LDL cholesterol (CC-SC versus UC-TA), total cholesterol (CC-SC versus CC-TA), and triglycerides (CC-SC versus CC-TA);

  • P < 0.0001, for systolic blood pressure (CC-SC versus UC-TA and CC-TA versus UC-TA).