Table 3—

Clinical characteristics of subjects with diabetes, by incident CHF status

No CHFIncident CHFP
n7,0641,167
Duration of diabetes at baseline (years)4.4 ± 3.56.1 ± 3.80.001
HbA1c during observation (%)7.9 ± 1.18.1 ± 1.20.001
Ischemic heart disease (%)*16.438.00.001
Renal function*
    Normal (%)60.049.90.001
    Microalbuminuria (%)20.417.6
    Gross proteinuria (%)18.229.8
    ESRD (%)1.42.7
Systolic blood pressure during observation (mmHg)139 ± 12.8143 ± 14.80.001
Mean diastolic blood pressure during observation (mmHg)79 ± 7.177 ± 8.00.001
BMI (kg/m2)32.3 ± 6.832.5 ± 7.00.599
Use of sulfonylurea (%)74.577.00.076
Use of metformin (%)13.315.90.020
Use of insulin (%)18.833.20.001
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * At end of observation (date of CHF, death, termination from health plan, or 31 December 2002);

  • available for 79% of subjects.