Table 3—

Logistic regression analysis relating baseline characteristics to 8-year risk of LEA: the SHS

Risk factorβ-CoefficientOR (95% CI)P
Age−0.0380.96 (0.93–0.99)0.02
Sex (male vs. female)0.7252.06 (1.29–3.30)<0.01
High school education or higher−0.7870.46 (0.27–0.76)<0.01
Center (Oklahoma vs. the Dakotas)−0.1980.82 (0.39–1.74)0.61
Center (Arizona vs. the Dakotas)0.1461.16 (0.64–2.11)0.63
Duration of diabetes0.0301.03 (1.01–1.06)0.01
HbA1c (6.5–9.5 vs. <6.5%)0.8142.26 (1.07–4.77)0.03
HbA1c (>9.5 vs. <6.5%)1.2463.48 (1.68–7.20)<0.01
Systolic blood pressure0.0161.02 (1.01–1.03)<0.01
BMI−0.0630.94 (0.90–0.98)<0.01
Microalbuminuria0.9842.67 (1.48–4.84)<0.01
Macroalbuminuria0.5401.72 (0.86–3.41)0.12
Low ABI (<0.9)0.4051.50 (0.66–3.40)0.33
High ABI (>1.4)0.5861.80 (1.02–3.17)0.04
  • N = 1,880.