Table 2—

Mean values of metabolic parameters and fasting plasma concentrations of adipocytokines after adjustment for waist circumference or BFM of pGDM, pGDM-R, and pGDM-S compared with NGT 3 months after delivery

pGDMpGDM-RpGDM-SNGT
n89305919
HbA1c (%)
 Adjusted for WC5.545.485.535.24
 Adjusted for BFM5.57*5.515.545.21
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)
 Adjusted for WC89.0088.5187.8582.33
 Adjusted for BFM89.93*87.9789.2781.36
2-h glucose (mg/dl)OGTT
 Adjusted for WC117.98*121.01114.4090.85
 Adjusted for BFM119.82122.43117.8289.87#
Si [10−4 · min−1 (μU/ml)−1]FSIGT
 Adjusted for WC4.181.795.294.16#
 Adjusted for BFM4.03*1.754.775.34§
Adiponectin (μg/ml)
 Adjusted for WC6.92*6.856.959.25#
 Adjusted for BFM6.71*6.216.769.60#
PAI-1 (ng/ml)
 Adjusted for WC26.7330.9423.6617.40
 Adjusted for BFM27.52*31.0339.4118.14
Leptin (ng/ml)
 Adjusted for WC14.0815.9713.4215.42
 Adjusted for BFM14.2615.2414.4313.52
  • FSIGT, frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test; WC, waist circumference.

  • *

    * P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.005 pGDM vs. NGT

  • P < 0.05 pGDM-S vs. NGT;

  • §

    § P < 0.0005 pGDM-R vs. NGT;

  • P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.005 pGDM-R vs. PDGM-S;

  • #

    # P < 0.05 PGDM-R vs. NGT.