Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes by the outcome during follow-upa

MenWomen
No CHDCHDP valueNo CHDCHDP value
Number of participants8,0292,92614,9914,488
Age, mean (SE) (years)50.2 (0.11)54.1 (0.18)<0.00151.1 (0.08)53.9 (0.15)<0.001
Income, mean (SE) ($/family)18,935 (319)22,207 (521)<0.00118,850 (203)20,273 (371)<0.001
BMI at baseline, mean (SE) (kg/m2)32.5 (0.09)33.3 (0.14)<0.00135.6 (0.07)35.7 (0.12)0.36
BMI during follow-up, mean (SE) (kg/m2)32.3 (0.08)33.2 (0.13)<0.00135.5 (0.07)35.7 (0.12)0.18
BMI at last visit, mean (SE) (kg/m2)32.2 (0.09)33.0 (0.14)<0.00135.3 (0.07)35.4 (0.13)0.42
Race, N (%)<0.001<0.001
 African American4,731 (58.9)1,369 (46.8)9,168 (61.2)2,380 (53.0)
 White3,298 (41.1)1,557 (53.2)5,823 (38.8)2,108 (47.0)
HbA1c, mean [% (mmol/mol)]8.02 (64)7.99 (64)0.597.51 (59)7.71 (61)<0.001
HDL cholesterol, mean (SE) (mg/dL)39.5 (0.1)38.8 (0.2)0.00646.0 (0.1)45.0 (0.2)<0.001
LDL cholesterol, mean (SE) (mg/dL)109 (0.5)105 (0.8)<0.001116 (0.3)113 (0.6)<0.001
Triglycerides, mean (SE) (mg/dL)151 (1.0)160 (1.7)<0.001140 (0.6)149 (1.2)<0.001
GFR, N (%) (mL/min/1.73 m2)<0.001<0.001
 ≥904,261 (53.1)1,215 (41.5)7,256 (48.4)1,824 (40.7)
 60–892,977 (37.1)1,208 (41.3)6,027 (40.2)1,820 (40.5)
 30–59656 (8.2)430 (14.7)1,539 (10.3)752 (16.8)
 15–2984 (1.0)52 (1.8)113 (0.7)73 (1.6)
 <1551 (0.6)21 (0.7)56 (0.4)19 (0.4)
Current smoker, N (%)2,930 (36.5)987 (33.7)0.0143,808 (25.4)1,178 (26.3)0.46
Types of insurance, N (%)<0.001<0.001
 Free5,999 (74.7)1,969 (67.3)12,559 (83.8)3,399 (75.7)
 Self-pay698 (8.7)141 (4.8)601 (4.0)125 (2.8)
 Medicaid368 (4.6)150 (5.1)692 (4.6)325 (7.3)
 Medicare732 (9.1)591 (20.2)844 (5.6)561 (12.5)
 Commercial232 (2.9)75 (2.6)295 (2.0)78 (1.7)
Uses of medications, N %
 Glucose-lowering medication5,196 (64.7)1,989 (68.0)<0.0019,730 (64.9)3,085 (68.7)<0.001
 Lipid-lowering medication3,852 (48.0)1,879 (64.2)<0.0018,188 (54.6)2,994 (66.7)<0.001
 Antihypertensive medication5,495 (68.4)2,183 (74.6)<0.00111,017 (73.5)3,484 (77.6)<0.001
  • aData represent means or percentages. All data except age are adjusted for age and race.