Table 1—

Adjusted mean work loss and disability bed days

DisorderWork loss daysDisability bed days
EmployedUnemployed
n20,7069,316
Neither condition4.5 (4.0–5.1)2.2 (2.0–2.4)6.5 (5.4–7.6)
Depression13.2 (10.5–15.8)*7.9 (6.3–9.4)*33.2 (25.4–40.9)*
Diabetes6.3 (4.0–8.7)3.5 (2.2–4.8)8.5 (5.1–11.8)
Both conditions13.1 (4.9–21.3)23.4 (4.9–21.3)45.8 (25.2–66.3)*
  • Data are means (95% CI). Work loss days and disability bed days are adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, income, census region, BMI, and number of additional chronic conditions. Proportion of variance (R2) explained by the models is as follows: work loss days = 3%, disability bed days (employed) = 5%, and disability bed days (unemployed) = 10%.

  • *

    * Significant P values (means compared with neither condition and adjusted for multiple post hoc comparisons with Bonferroni method).