Table 1—

Burden of chronic diseases in the U.S.

Cardiovascular disease*All cancersDiabetes
 Percent of total38.522.93.0
New cases2,450,0001,368,0301,300,000
Prevalent cases64,400,0009,600,000#18,200,000
Total costs (billions)**$351.8††$189.5$132.0
  • *

    * The category of cardiovascular disease includes heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases.

  • Number of deaths in 2001.

  • Includes 700,142 deaths from heart disease, 163,538 deaths from stroke, and 67,428 from other cardiovascular disease.

  • §

    § Includes coronary heart disease, stroke, and congestive heart failure only.

  • Number of newly diagnosed cancers in 2004, estimated by ACS.

  • Estimated by AHA and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute for 2001. Includes 13,200,000 cases of coronary heart disease and 4,800,000 cases of stroke. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) estimated a prevalence for all types of heart disease of 23,482,000 for 2001; however, we have not utilized the NHIS data as they are solely based on interview.

  • #

    # Number of prevalent cases in 2000, estimated by the National Cancer Institute.

  • **

    ** Total direct and indirect costs in 2003, estimated by the National Institutes of Health.

  • ††

    †† Includes $229.9 cost of heart disease and $51.2 cost of stroke.