Table 1—

Features of the subjects investigated

Type 1 diabetic subjectsControl subjectsP
n3720
Men/women16/218/12
Age (years)34 ± 233 ± 3NS
Diabetes duration (years)10.4 ± 1.3
BMI (kg/m2)23.9 ± 0.622.9 ± 1.5NS
Daily caloric intake (kcal)2,047 ± 712,147 ± 138NS
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)8.76 ± 0.404.47 ± 0.070.0001
C-peptide (ng/ml)0.30 ± 0.072.28 ± 0.250.0001
HbA1c (%)8.1 ± 0.24
PE-1 (μg/g stools)263 ± 30438 ± 380.0004
  • Data are mean ± SE.