Table 1—

Characteristics of the study population

Normal glucose toleranceGDMP
n140110
Age at presentation (years)29 (26–33)31 (27–36)0.010
BMI (kg/m2)23.6 (21–27.1)26.9 (23.4–30.3)<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)110 (110–120)120 (110–130)0.074
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)70 (65–80)70 (68–80)0.204
Triglycerides (mg/dl)192 (141–247)217 (155–283)0.031
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)246 (220–289)240 (201–278)0.051
Total–to–HDL cholesterol ratio3.43 (3.04–4.16)3.66 (3.17–4.47)0.050
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)70 (58–83)62 (52–71)<0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)133 (117–166)129 (96–162)0.041
HbA1c (%)5 (4.7–5.2)5.3 (4.9–5.7)<0.001
Fructosamine (μmol/l)195 (185–207)196 (188–207)0.670
C-reactive protein (mg/dl)0.53 (0.26–0.92)0.6 (0.33–0.94)0.452
Ferritin (mg/dl)9.3 (4.9–21.4)11.6 (5.3–21.3)0.552
Hp (mg/dl)90 (66–120)107 (71–144)0.016
  • Data are median (interquartile range). Significance was calculated by the two-sided Mann-Whitney U test.