Table 1—

Comparisons between diabetic/impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and nondiabetic subjects according to PPARγ genotype status

VariableNon–Ala carriers
PAla carriers
P
NondiabeticDiabetic/IFGNondiabeticDiabetic/IFG
n393/265/1
Weight (kg)90.2 ± 22.1127.4 ± 27.00.00369.5 ± 13.3109.3 ± 14.30.001
Waist circumference (cm)100.5 ± 20.0133.8 ± 12.10.00278.3 ± 6.1115.8 ± 19.90.002
BMI (kg/m2)32.6 ± 7.141.8 ± 7.70.01825.8 ± 3.538.0 ± 7.80.006
Age (years)40.6 ± 15.156.8 ± 4.90.04127.0 ± 5.748.7 ± 10.80.002
Basal insulinemia (mUI/l)14.4 ± 13.038.8 ± 29.90.00310.8 ± 4.426.3 ± 14.30.030
Basal glycemia (mg/dl)92.0 ± 8.6144.8 ± 38.3<0.000184.7 ± 10.5163.3 ± 60.40.010
Energy expenditure (kcal/week)776.6 ± 427.8575.3 ± 117.30.3581,016.3 ± 372.7405.3 ± 122.00.003
SFA (g/day)39.9 ± 24.836.8 ± 18.40.80826.7 ± 5.478.4 ± 36.70.007
Trans FA (g/day)19.0 ± 13.419.3 ± 13.20.9648.8 ± 1.435.9 ± 13.4<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD.