Table 2—

Ulcer-related health care costs per episode

Cost sourceOutcome severity level
AllP*
Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 4/5
n7534222238552,253
Total ulcer-related pharmacy costs$59 ± 181 (0)$97 ± 216 (10)$262 ± 535 (75)$132 ± 305 (6)$114 ± 294 (5)<0.0001
Acute inpatient hospitalization charges$918 ± 8,606 (0)$2,937 ± 10,511 (0)$8,638 ± 23,760 (0)$22,336 ± 47,788 (0)$10,188 ± 32,587 (0)<0.0001
Other inpatient hospitalization charges$14 ± 295 (0)$13 ± 190 (0)$20 ± 281 (0)$78 ± 584 (0)$39 ± 417 (0)0.006
Skilled nursing facility charges$63 ± 792 (0)$409 ± 3,199 (0)$596 ± 4,766 (0)$1,335 ± 5,065 (0)$663 ± 3,794 (0)<0.0001
Emergency department charges$17 ± 265 (0)$51 ± 230 (0)$121 ± 799 (0)$97 ± 464 (0)$64 ± 424 (0)0.0003
Outpatient hospitalization charges$296 ± 1,367 (0)$255 ± 1,476 (0)$837 ± 2,079 (0)$1,382 ± 3,887 (0)$754 ± 2,730 (0)<0.0001
Outpatient office visit charges$324 ± 561 (140)$313 ± 584 (128)$756 ± 1,620 (250)$675 ± 1,709 (83)$498 ± 1,253 (127)<0.0001
Home therapy charges$200 ± 1,450 (0)$271 ± 1,120 (0)$1,025 ± 3,120 (0)$1,686 ± 4,684 (0)$859 ± 3,269 (0)<0.0001
Total ulcer-related medical charges$1,833 ± 8,969 (285)$4,248 ± 12,108 (383)$11,993 ± 25,655 (2,395)$27,589 ± 49,615 (10,304)$13,065 ± 34,491 (828)<0.0001
Total ulcer-related costs (pharmacy + medical)$1,892 ± 8,972 (324)$4,345 ± 12,133 (490)$12,255 ± 25,683 (2,899)$27,721 ± 49,627 (10,419)$13,179 ± 34,511 (930)<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD (median).

  • *

    * Level of significance for the comparison of mean costs across outcome severity levels.