Table 3—

Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis for prediction of hospitalization in 2001 (n = 900)*

Independent variablesOdds ratio (95% CI)
Variable of interest
    Diabetes medication nonadherence
                MPR <80% in 20002.53 (1.38–4.64)
Covariates
    Age (years)
        18–440.27 (0.09–0.82)
        45–540.53 (0.22–1.26)
        55–640.35 (0.15–0.84)
        ≥651.00
    Sex
        Male0.59 (0.33–1.06)
        Female1.00
    Oral antihyperglycemic medications
        Multiple-drug therapy (2000)1.23 (0.69–2.20)
        Single-drug therapy (2000)1.00
    Antihypertensive use pattern
        None prescribed1.00
        Prescribed (nonadherent)0.66 (0.25–1.71)
        Prescribed (adherent)0.68 (0.35–1.32)
    Lipid-modifier use pattern
        None prescribed1.00
        Prescribed (nonadherent)0.78 (0.30–2.01)
        Prescribed (adherent)1.54 (0.79–3.03)
    Charlson comorbidity index
        11.00
        2–34.04 (2.54–6.86)
        ≥416.86 (7.69–36.98)
    Prior hospitalization (2000)
        Yes1.27 (0.61–2.67)
        No1.00
  • *

    * Hospitalizations are limited to those with a primary diagnosis of diabetes or cardiovascular disease;

  • P ≤ 0.01;

  • P ≤ 0.05.