Table 1—

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

Age ≥45 years
Overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2*)
Family history of diabetes (i.e., parents or siblings with diabetes)
Habitual physical inactivity
Race/ethnicity (e.g., African-Americans, Hispanic-Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, and Pacific Islanders)
Previously identified IFG or IGT
History of GDM or delivery of a baby weighing >9 lbs
Hypertension (≥140/90 mmHg in adults)
HDL cholesterol ≤35 mg/dl (0.90 mmol/l) and/or a triglyceride level ≥250 mg/dl (2.82 mmol/l)
Polycystic ovary syndrome
History of vascular disease
  • *

    * May not be correct for all ethnic groups.